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Rapid eye movement sleep eye movements in schizophrenia and depression. Recent meta-analyses suggest, however, that some antipsychotic effects are evident within the first week of treatment.

Antipsychotics’ sedative effects can reduce agitation in acute psychosis and promote sleep in insomnia, but long-term sedation may: Many patients experience only mild, transient somnolence at the beginning of antipsychotic treatment, and most develop some tolerance to the sedating effects with continued administration. Early-onset hypothesis of antipsychotic drug action: a hypothesis tested, confirmed and extended.

Manage, don’t accept adverse ‘calming’ effect Sedation is a frequent side effect of antipsychotics, especially at relatively high doses.

Clinical challenges come with: Because the treatments are different, it is important to try to distinguish negative symptoms and/or cognitive impairment related to schizophrenia’s neurobiology from sedation related to the antipsychotic.

Three case reports of modafinil use in treating sedation induced by antipsychotic medications. Sedation can occur with first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs) and second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs), but it is seen more commonly and tends to be more severe with low-potency FGAs than with SGAs.

Safety and tolerability: how do newer generation ”atypical” antipsychotics compare?

If you initiate a more sedating antipsychotic acutely, switching to a less sedating agent when the patient is stable and the illness is in remission may support adherence and improve outcomes.

5-Hydroxytryptamine-2 antagonist increases human slow wave sleep. When treating agitated patients, many clinicians consider calming effects and true antipsychotic effects to be one in the same, which is not correct.

Expert Consensus Guideline Series Treatment of schizophrenia. Aripiprazole is a dopamine D2 partial agonist, serotonin 5HT1A partial agonist, and serotonin 5HT2A antagonist. Patients with acute exacerbation of psychosis often have insomnia and frequently report paranoia that “something” will happen to them while they sleep. Intramuscular aripiprazole for the treatment of acute agitation in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder: a double-blind, placebo-controlled comparison with intramuscular haloperidol.

Salin-Pascual RJ, Herrera-Estrella M, Galicia-Polo L, Laurrabaquio MR.

5-Hydroxytryptamine-2 antagonist increases human slow wave sleep.

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